quarta-feira, novembro 08, 2017

Declaração sobre o futuro da Europa 70 anos após a Conferência de Haia- Documento da AEAP

Declaration on the Future of Europe

70 years after the Hague Conference where all began
The European Association of former Parliamentarians of the Member Countries of the Council of Europe
·         paying tribute the Hague Conference of Europe which laid 70 years ago the corner stone for a united and integrated Europe;
·         commemorating the foundation of the Council of Europe in 1949, the European Community for Coal and Steel in 1950 and the European Economic Community in 1957;
·         having regard to the report by Jean-Claude Juncker “Council of Europe – European Union, A Sole Ambition for the European Continent” of April 11, 2006;
·         having regard to the resolutions adopted by the European Parliament on February 16, 2017 on the evolutions of and adjustments to the current institutional set-up and the functioning of the European Union building on the potential of the Lisbon Treaty;
·         having regard to the Rome Declaration of the leaders of 27 EU member states and of the EU institutions of March 25, 2017;
·         having regard to the “European charter of former parliamentarians” adopted by the Association in Strasbourg 2011;
·         having regard to the relevant Association’s declarations, in particular Strasbourg (2000) on “The Strengthening of the parliamentary dimension of the European institutions”, Rome (2002) on “Shared European values underpinning European construction”, Berlin (2004) on “Political Integration in the Face of the International Challenges”, Brussels (2014) on “The Challenges of Democracy in the Age of Globalisation”  and Lyon (2016) on “Challenges of Migration”;

a.       whereas there are still unsolved conflicts and even violence and wars in member countries of the Council of Europe and in the neighbourhood;
b.      whereas the economy of the whole of Europe is still suffering from the economic and financial crisis of 2008 and from the sanctions imposed on Russia and on the EU by Russia;
c.       whereas the crisis of the Euro and certain countries of the Euro zone is not over;
d.      whereas Europe has to tackle an adverse position of the US administration towards EU and free trade;
e.      whereas Europe’s role in global economy is diminishing;
f.        whereas not only a large economy, but a strong nation, UK, will leave the European Union and its common market;
g.       whereas the migration and refugee issue demonstrates a lack of solidarity within Europe and the inability of finding and implementing common solutions;
h.      whereas so far unknown terrorism has reached our streets;
i.         whereas member states of the Council of Europe and of the European Union show lack of respect for the common European values as laid down in the Statute of the Council of Europe, the European Convention on Human Rights and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms;
j.        whereas the Council of Europe as well as the European Union are confronted with the constitutional changes and its implications in Turkey;
k.       whereas the inability of the EU institutions to cope with the so-called ‘polycrisis’ has led to increased dissatisfaction among a growing part of the population regarding the functioning of the current European Union and to the rise of populist parties and nationalist movements;
l.         whereas the potential of the Council of Europe as a Pan-European political platform for EU and non EU members is not really exploited;
m.    whereas the EU so far did not consider enhanced cooperation by becoming a member of the Council of Europe as suggested by the report of Jean-Paul Juncker in 2006;
n.      whereas the European Union currently cannot fulfil the expectations of all European citizens for prosperity, stability and security;
o.      whereas these problems, coupled with a lack of a common vision on the part of the national states as regards the future of our continent, has given rise to unprecedented levels of ‘Euroscepticism’;

1.       considers that the time of crisis management by means of ad hoc and incremental decisions has passed, as it only leads to measures that are often too little, too late;
2.       is convinced that it is now time for a profound reflection on how to revive the vision of a continent achieving greater unity between its nations for the purpose of safeguarding and realising the ideals and principles which are their common heritage and facilitating their economic and social progress;
3.       believes that greater unity between the European nations cannot be achieved by either the Council of Europe or the European Union alone but in close cooperation of these institutions;
4.       recalls the suggestion of Jean-Claude Juncker in his report for the European heads of state of 2006 that the European Union should become a member of the Council of Europe and fully supports it;
5.       believes that the role of the Council of Europe ensuring the participation of all European countries in the project of peace and common values should be enhanced;
6.       suggests that the Council of Europe should be more active in defending democratic values, dealing with migration issues including aide in the countries of origin and combating terrorism;
7.       is convinced that the relations between and the cooperation of the Council of Europe and the European Union should intensify in order to include all European nations in policies such as European neighbourhood, migration and combating anti-democratic attitudes;
8.       reminds that European integration and cooperation takes place not only in the supranational European Union but also in the intergovernmental Council of Europe covering with its more than 200 conventions the space of the wider Europe;
9.       advocates the application of the principle of subsidiarity for the European integration with regard to the division of labour between the intergovernmental Council of Europe and the supra-national European Union;
10.   considers that the competences of the European Commission should be strengthened and streamlined in areas where joint actions and policy are needed, such as foreign and defence policy, budgetary and financial matters and external trade while more areas can be left to the nation states and co-ordination and harmonisation can be dealt with by the intergovernmental procedures of the Council of Europe;
11.   responds to the White Book of the European Commission in supporting a combination of scenarios no 4 and 5, doing more together where common action is needed and respecting otherwise the principle of subsidiarity;
12.   calls for a coherent European policy on asylum, refugees and migration based on our common values of humanity as well as on the principle of solidarity and enlightened self-interest;
13.   emphasizes the need for an efficient control of the external borders of Europe;
14.   recommends the consideration of an autonomous security architecture for Europe including Russia, Turkey and Ukraine;
15.   considers regarding future enlargement of the European Union that reforms should have priority, strengthening the coherence of the Union before enlarging;
16.   would like to see the future relations between the European Union and the UK as good and reliable partners including fair conditions for both EU and UK citizens living and working on the “other” territory;
17.   appeals to the negotiators of “Brexit” to pay special attention to the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland;

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